Anal fissure is a crack in the lining of your anus or anal canal, the lowest part of your intestinal tract. It is usually a acute or short-term problem, with symptoms that last about 6 weeks or less. It’s considered chronic when symptoms last for more than 6 weeks. A chronic anal fissure may be difficult to treat and may be a symptom of any another conditions, like Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
People with anal fissures mostly experience anal pain that worsens with bowel movements. The pain following a bowel movement may be brief or long lasting.
Bleeding while passing stools. Most people notice a small amount of bright red blood either in their stools or on the toilet paper. Anal fissures are basically wounds on the surface of the skin at the place where your rectum meets the anus. The fissures sometimes bleed due to strain which may be visible on the surface of your stool.
Burning and itching
If you are feeling constant Itching or irritation around the anus it may be the effect of the bacteria on the fissures. As different bacteria may seep into the tear of the skin, different effects are created such as the intense pain or burning sensation, and non-stop itching.
Constant release of odd-smelling discharge may at times indicate anal fissures. Pus comes from the inflammation of the anal fissures that causes the foul-smell.
Due to excess of pain during bowel, some patients try to avoid going to the toilet. This may increases the risk of having constipation and making problem more severe.
Difficulty in defecating
This is the most common symptom problem due to the anal fissures which makes difficult to discharge feces, particularly in large amounts.
Some patients may also get Dysuria or the discomfort while urinating. It is Rare, but whenever you feel uncomfortable while urinating, you may have anal fissures.