Any tear or crack in the anal lining is an anal fissure. At first, there is very acute tearing, which consequently under constant pressure and force becomes a big wound and hurts badly. It hurts every time a person passes stool. And if the stool is hard, then the problem becomes horrible. The treatments for anal fissures range from the simple home remedies to medical surgeries. However, what most people are unaware of the fact that a change in one’s lifestyle could also treat and prevent the problem. A healthy diet and regular exercises can do wonders as it improves the digestion and blood circulation and thus reduces the risk of fissures. Yoga is also a very effective treatment for anal fissures which is now gaining attention. As yoga exercises are proven to be effective for muscle relaxation, they help in controlling and relaxing the special set of muscles present in the anal area. These muscles are known as the anal sphincters and are responsible for controlling the excretion of feces from the anus. When the anal sphincters expand, the fissures are also expanded open which results to discomfort, pain, and bleeding. Chronic constipation or prolonged diarrhea may often cause spasms in the anal sphincters and these spasms worsen anal fissures. There are certain yoga exercises and asanas to heal and prevent anal fissures.
Yoga for Anal Fissures
You will have to pursue a basic program that consists of asanas or yoga poses, breathing exercises or pranayama and a strict Yogic diet. A range of yoga, the Ashtanga yoga, is suggested for it.
Asanas or Yoga Poses
You can follow all the prescribed poses in the sitting, standing, prone, supine and inverted positions, giving more importance to the Inverted and Prone poses.
Pranayama or Breathing Exercises
Some breathing exercises like anuloma-villoma and Kapal Bharati is suggested for you to improve your health and fissure problem as well.
Drink plenty of water, at least 10-12 glasses a day. Following a mainly vegetarian yogic diet is also an important aspect of this particular conduct. A yogic diet is basically composed of fiber-rich vegetables, fruits, and grains with no milk, tea, coffee, alcohol, oily and spicy foods, and junk foods as well.
The thought of yoga mainly revolves around the attainment of best possible health at all levels from physical to psychological to spiritual through a healthy yogic diet, exercise, meditation, and asanas.